Lydia Bals is Professor of Supply Chain & Operations Management at the University of Applied Sciences Mainz, Germany, since beginning of 2014 and since 2008 a Visiting Scholar at the Department for Strategic Management & Globalization at Copenhagen Business School, Denmark. Until the end of 2013 she was head of the global department of Procurement Solutions (e.g. Sustainability, Methods, Tools & Systems; Benchmarking and Excellence) at Bayer CropScience AG, also steering the international Procurement Solutions network in Germany, North America, France, India, China and Brazil. Prior to that she worked as a Project Manager at Bayer Business Consulting, managing projects in various functional areas and countries (e.g. Spain, Mexico, Turkey).