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5 Quick Neuro Design Tips
Darren Bridger shares his 5 key tips on neuro design
Neuro Design is a new field that applies research findings from the mind sciences (such as psychology and neuroscience) to understanding how we respond to design and visuals of all kinds. Scientists and researchers have learned a lot about how our visual brains work, and these can be applied to helping designers, marketers or anyone who creates images for work or the web.
My book, Neuro Design, describes in depth a number of design principles that have come from this new wave of mind-science research. Here are five examples that you can use to make your designs more appealing to your customers’ brains.
1. Design for the brain’s saliency map
Our eyes can only see a relatively small area in detail at any one moment. We’re largely unaware of this because our eyes jump around quickly and our brain ‘fills in the gaps’ so that we’re consciously able to experience a complete visual scene.
However, one interesting consequence of this way our visual system works is that our brain needs a super-fast, automatic way of telling our eyes where to focus first. If you walk into a room that you’ve never been in before, for example, you have no idea what you will see in the room, how do your eyes know where to focus first? It’s not until you focus, and see detail, that you can even be sure of what exactly is in front of you. The answer is that all our brains run a sort of small software algorithm that neuroscientists call a saliency map. This is a calculation that our brains make just on the raw information that is incoming from our eyes: the colours, contrasts, and patterns. Crucially, this is happening before our minds even understand exactly what the objects are. As it happens so quickly, and isn’t based on the meaning of what we’re looking at (because it’s happening before we’ve figured out what it is we’re looking at), the things that grab our attention quickly in this way tend to be the same across people, irrespective of age, background or culture.
Essentially the more that something is different from the other things around it, the more likely that we are to look at it first. This is different from just choosing something bright or a bold colour in order to draw attention to it. The key thing is that the element you want people to see quickly – such as a package design on a shop shelf, or an important link or button on a web-page – needs to have contrast with the other things around it. Using a contrasting colour, well-defined edges, and large blocks of colour (without too much gradations of colour (which damage contrast)) will help a design element get noticed quickly.
2. Images on the left, text on the right
The way that our brains process information from our eyes gives a slight advantage to processing images when they are to the left side and words to the right side. We’re also better at noticing things to the left side, so if you want an image in your design to get noticed, consider putting it to the left of your design.
3. Central fixation effect
This tip is for arrays of images: if you have a series of images arranged in a grid array, take a look to see whether there is a central position in the grid. If there is, that’s the one that people are most likely to look at first. If there isn’t an exact central position, then they are most likely to look at the top left position first.
4. The visual power of showing touch
If you are trying to depict a product that you want people to desire, show a photo of someone touching it (picking it up, holding it, or interacting with it in some way that obliges them to touch it). Research has shown that people are more likely to want something if they see someone else touching it; an effect known as Mimetic Desire.
5. Simpler than expected
Whatever information you are trying to convey with a design, think about ways to portray it more simply than people might expect. Research shows that our minds confuse things that are simple with things that feel familiar. We have a bias towards liking familiar things, but especially when we recognise something familiar in an unfamiliar place. For example, you may not be especially delighted if you see your next door neighbour outside your home, but if you suddenly bump into them somewhere you wouldn’t expect to see them, it can bring a smile to your face. Similarly, if you encounter something that is unexpectedly simple, it can create the same pleasurable effect.
This is why infographics are so popular: they take often hard-to-understand information and illustrate it simply. Think about ways you can convey the most information with the least amount of visual detail and you are more likely to create a design people will enjoy looking at.
Neuro Design describes these ideas and why they work in far greater depth, as well as many more neuro design principles.